Rotator cuff disease is a major medical and economic burden due to a growing aging population, but management of rotator cuff tears remains controversial. We hypothesized that there is no difference in outcomes between patients who undergo rotator cuff repair and matched patients treated nonoperatively.
Arthroscopic elbow surgery may be a treatment option for certain types of elbow pain. Arthroscopic surgery is a surgical procedure to insert a small camera inside a joint. Through other small incisions, instruments can be inserted to repair or remove damaged structures. Arthroscopic elbow surgery, often called "scoping the elbow," is a treatment option for some types of elbow pain.
Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction, or UCLR, is more commonly known as Tommy John surgery. It is a procedure that is done to repair a damaged ligament in the elbow called the ulnar collateral ligament (some use the term medial collateral ligament). This injury typically makes the elbow feel unstable and requires physical therapy. If the injury does not respond to physical therapy, surgery is typically the next treatment considered.
The biceps muscle is the large muscle over the front of the arm that extends from the elbow to the shoulder joint. The biceps muscle is especially important both with bending the elbow, and also turning the forearm to have the palm facing upwards. This movement, called supination, may not seem particularly important, but when going to open a door knob or when turning a screwdriver, the importance becomes quite apparent!
The shoulder joint is the junction between the chest and the upper extremity. Two joints are at the shoulder. The glenohumeral joint is the ball-and-socket junction of the top of the arm bone, and the socket of the shoulder blade. A second joint in the shoulder is the junction of the collar bone with the shoulder blade, called the acromioclavicular joint. Most shoulder motion occurs at the ball-and-socket glenohumeral joint, but for full motion of the shoulder, the acromioclavicular joint must also be functioning normally.